The rest of the dances of, “Pamana IX”

Pangalay Dance
  1. Sarimanok Suite – The southern islands of the Philippines, consisting of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, are populated by Filipinos who were converted to the Islamic faith long before the arrival of the Spanish colonizers.  The dances of these islands are graceful, flowing, and fluid, similar to the waters that surround them.  Vivid colors, rhythmic movement and the mesmerizing sounds of the kulintang ensemble, reflect the influence of Arabian and Indo-Malaysian cultures and easily make these dances the most exotic of all Philippine dances.

Pang-Alay– Usually performed at weddings among the affluent families.  They may last for several days or even weeks depending on the

More Pangalay…

financial status and agreement of both families.  Dancers perform this dance to the music of the kulintangan, gabbang, and agongs during the wedding feast.

Kini -kini– Ladies of the royal court of the Maranao tribe perform this stately dance in preparation for an

Kini-kini Dance – a royal manner of “walking”.

important event.  It depicts a royal manner of “walking.”

Sambi Sa Malong Dance

Sambi Sa Malong – This is another Maranao dance, which shows the many ways of donning the malong, a tubular circle of cloth used as a skirt, shawl or mantle.

Sambi Sa Malong, another way of wearing the the cloth…

Asik– A Maguindanao slave dance performed by the umbrella-bearing attendant of the princess.     The “asik” hopes to win the favor of her sultan master and usually precedes a performance.

Asik Dance

Singkil– This dance takes its name from the bells worn on the ankles of the princess.  Singkil recounts the epic legend of the “Darangan” of

Singkil Dance

the Maranao, which tells the fateful story of Princess Gandingan, who was caught in the middle of a forest during an earthquake caused by the “diwatas” or fairies of the forest.  The crisscrossed bamboo poles represent the falling trees, which she gracefully avoids.  Her slave

loyalty accompanies her through out her ordeal.  Finally, the Prince arrives and saves her.  Dancers skillfully manipulate “apir”, or fans, which represent winds.  To this day, royal princesses in the Sulu Archipelago are encouraged to learn this most difficult and noble dance.

Ten-minute intermission

4.   Recuerdos Suite – The colonization of the Philippines by Spain in the 16thcentury lasted over 400 years.  This marked the conversion

Sayaw Sa Cuyo Dance of the Recuerdos Suite

of the Filipinos into the Catholic faith, principally in Luzon and the Visayas and the introduction of western ways and style.  As a result, Maria Clara, dances (named after the lead female character of Jose Rizal’s Noli Me Tangere) evolved.  These dances display strong Spanish influences but were ”Filipinized” as evidencedvby the use of bamboo

Sayaw Sa Cuyo

castanets and the abanico, or Asian fan.

Sayaw sa Cuyo – On the small island of Cuyo, Palawan’s old capital, the feast day of Saint Augustineis traditionally celebrated with parades, processions and small performances.  Island dances, blended with strong Old Cuyo ethnicity and Spanish-influenced steps, are all brought out when Cuyo celebrates its festivals.

Sayaw Sa Cuya another look…

Today, pretty young girls daintily swirl hats to the waltz and other European steps, like the mazurka, which bring out the freshness and glow of the performers.

La Jota Gumaqueña – Once very popular among the prosperous families of Gumaca, Tayabos, thisdance was introduced by a well known local musician at the time, Señor Herminigildo Omana.  It became popular with the young people and was handed down between generations.

La Jota Caygayana – During the Spanish regime, lively Jota dances were very popular in the Philippines, this dance, which originated in Cagayan, is an adapted form of the Spanish Jotas performed by the early Spanish settlers in the Philippines.

La Jota Manileña – This dance originated in Manila circa the 19th century.  Like the other Jotas in Philippine folk dances, this is an adaptation from the Castillian version, with the castanets made of bamboo and are only held, not fastened, to the fingers.

  1.  Subli sa Nayon Suite:  Perhaps the best known and closest to the Filipino heart are the dances from the rural Christian lowlands, a country blessed with so much beauty.  To the Filipinos, these dances illustrate the fiesta spirit and demonstrate a joy in work and play, a love for music and pleasures in the simplicities of life.

    Kids in Pagtatanim Dance
Pagtatanim Dance…

Pagtatanim at Bayuhan– This set of dances depicts the different steps in rice growing, harvesting and processing, as practiced in different regions of the Philippines.

Subli Dance

Subli – This ancient dance was originally performed in veneration of the holy cross referred to in the vernacular as Mahal na Poong Santa Cruz.  The word subli is derived from two Tagalog words, subsub (stooped) a

Subli Dance

nd bali (broken).  Hence, the men are stooped throughout the dance and appear to be lame and crooked, while the women dance with hats.

Just the men, Subli Dance
Maglalatik Dance

Maglalatik – This mock war dance depicts a fight between the Muslims and the Christians over the prized latik, or coconut meat residue.  This dance is also performed as as a tribute to San Isidro de Labrador, the patron saint of farmers.  Maglalatik is a four-part performance:

Sparring with words and rhythmic beating of the coconut shells.
Maglalatik Dance, or in my daughter’s words…the monkey dance.

the palipasan and the baligtaran showing the intense combat, and the paseo and the escaramusa, the reconciliation.  All of the men use harnesses of coconut shells positioned on their backs, chest, hips, and thighs.

Bulaklakan Dance (Bulaklak – flower)

Bulaklakan – This lovely and vibrant dance is usually performed in celebration of Flores de Mayo, a religious festival during the month of May in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Bulaklakan Dance

Binasuan – With three glasses half full of beverage (usually rice wine), one on top of the head and one on each hand, the dancers display good balance and graceful movements, and show off theirskill in maneuvering the glasses as they execute turns, sit and roll on the floor.

Pasigan– This literally means ”ring net” which is used for catching fish.  The Pasigin dance was created by the imaginative minds of the Capiznons.  The dance depicts the movements of the fishermen scooping fish,

Pasigan Dance

swishing the net in the sea and sifting afterwards.




Karatong Dance
Karatong Dance

Karatong – In September, the Mango Festival is celebrated in the island of Cuyo in honor of Saint Augustine and also in dedication of the sweet table mango that grow abundantly on the island.  The male performers play the karatong and the female dancers a representation of blossoming mango trees.  Karatong refers to the musical instrument made of bamboo that is about a yard long, tied horizontally below the waist and struck by two sticks to top the lively, syncopated rhythm of the dance.


Tinikiling Dance
Tinikiling Dance

Tinikling – Arguably considered the Philippine national dance, Tinikling imitates the movement of the tinikling birds as they walk between grass stems, run over tree branches, or dodge bamboo traps set by the rice farmers.  Dancers imitate the tikling bird’s

Tinikling Dance

Tinikling Dance

legendary grace and speed by skillfully maneuvering between large bamboo poles.

 My daughter, Stephanie, who is half Filipino and half American (CSFA – Cultural Society of Filipino Americans) is in a dance called: Pagtatanim with other – children (mga anak). The dance illustrates how Filipinos plant rice. Rice planting is hard on the back because one is bent over constantly and most farmers of the Philippines do the work by hand; farming is not a lucrative business as it is for many in America.

The day gives rise to sore and aching muscles and that evening the planters have an exhausted sleep…after sleeping all night they wake-up s-t-r-e-t-c-h-i-n-g before going to the fields again. That is what is depicted in the first part of the dance. Later the dance is completed with a harvesting of the grain.  The dancers depict again the hard work and bent over bodies cutting and gathering their main staple of food.

Well, I hope you enjoyed reading a little snippet of the twenty-two dances. The entire production is a colorful and educational history of the islands dating back hundreds of years, to present.

Steve Richie

Hi folks, Two lives in one lifetime. The first me, lived to age thirty-four. That Steve was overly confident and oozing with pride. Then, on a record heat-setting day (107º) here in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota and western Wisconsin, a one car near-fatal wreck left me in a two-month long coma. I emerged much as I was before minus certain physical capabilities, but my mind seemed mostly in tact. The crash and its effects did not change me (I emerged a happy individual) but the deeds perpetrated against me in the ensuing months from my wife of sixteen years scared and humbled me as I was dragged down with nothing left by my wife who now had guardianship over all of our accounts. And neither would she allow me to see our kids. She took everything out of, "Our" names and changed them to her name only; then would not allow me to our home and divorced me. I was angry, but no more. I spent half of 1988 and more than half of 1989 in hospitals, nursing homes and a three month stint at a head-injury rehab center where I was being taught how to re-enter society as this different person, that I didn't know. I was not able to return to my previous line of work, a self-employed decorator, you know, painting and paperhanging. It was a physical job which required much dexterity, finesse, and a good grasp of numbers. I returned to the beginning, school, but on a community college level. One of the instructor's liked my writing and I began focusing my attention on that. I attended classes at, "The Loft," A Place for Writers in Minneapolis. While there, a classmate of mine was having her friend from New York, a CBS executive, to her home for the holidays and asked me if she could do a critique on a couple chapters of a book I was writing, "A Day I'll Never Remember" and I obliged. When she returned to class the following Monday she told me that the exec wanted a ten-page synopsis of the book for a possible movie; I was excited. After obliging for that also, I never saw or heard from her or the guy from CBS. Next thing I knew I was watching a movie called, "Regarding Henry" starring Harrison Ford and the scenes of therapy were exactly like what I went through and had written about. Regarding Henry - could've been my story except that, "Henry" got his head injury from a gunshot and his wife stayed with him throughout the ordeal. Coincidence I'm sure, though, the therapy scenes entailed what I described in the book so I always wondered..... My hope, my dream is to bolster our income for my daughter and for myself. I am and have been raising this beautiful, talented little girl who was diagnosed with autism at age two, since 2006 singlehandedly. I divorced her mother the same year following complaints that I spent too much time with our daughter. However, Stephanie began school with no need for special education. She has been reading since age four and understanding what she'd read. Stephanie maintains straight "A's" on her report card, has published two books (through school) and has been selected as an, "Honors" student for seventh grade English. My ex moved to New York to be closer to her sister and has been remarried now for a number of years. Well, that's only a snippet of my sixty-one years and I would like to thank you for reading, thank you.


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